Innovative Solution of Utilization of the Clay Slates Accumulated in the Gorge of the River Duruji
Keywords:Mudslides, diluvium, shale, ceramic wall materials, active cement additive.
The article deals with the innovative solution of utilization of the clay slates
accumulated in the gorge of the river Duruji. Kvareli Region of Georgia is
subject to the impact of mudslides with frequent periodicity. The “carrier” of
these mudslides is the River Duruji. The bulk of the mudslides is represented
by flat rounded stones of different sizes. The level of accumulation of this bulk
exceeds the altitude of the regional center by ten meters, which could cause
irreparable ecological and social damage to Kvareli City and the region on
the whole. The package of measures on preventing the impact of mudslides
includes clearing the riverbed and the fan of the area of about 147 km2 from
stony mass. This is associated with the displacement of about 5 mln. tones of
the bulk to the places remote from the river, which causes significant losses of
fertile land. Based on the physical-chemical and technological investigations
performed, it is proposed to use the stony mass – diluvium (of talus) of shale
“elemental raw material” for the production of building materials.